Abnormal Psychology 270
Sometimes in life everyone may experience issues, and depending on the circumstances surrounding the issues, it may cause them to become unhappy, this type of uneasy feelings can not be mistaken for a clinically depressed person which is treated much differently. A person that has been diagnosed as clinically depressed is a person that may have had or has the symptoms where they do not show care or concern regarding moments in their life, or the people that love them. However, when feelings of depression become extreme and they get in the way of a person??™s ability to live normally and endure for a long time, the person should seek professional help because in this case mania may be the cause.
Unipolar and bipolar disorders are siblings to each other. It is stated that Unipolar Disorder is characterized by severe and debilitating depressive episodes of Clinical Depression or Major Depression. Bioplar Disorder consists of cycles of high and low depression symptoms and Unipolar does not. Patients who have low depression symptoms will probably be stated to be Unipolar. Manic states can be for bipolar and depression and symptoms fluctuate between depression and manic, and can have symptoms, that includes poor impulse, rage, poor judgment and impulse control, and may not reflect a clear mind when it comes to spending money or sexual activity.
Scientists and psychologist alike agree that there is not a single cause for bipolar issues. Although there is a chance that some bipolar issues can be genetic, there is a 20% chance that a spread of this disorder, could be by a sister, brother, or mother and father who may have previously had the disorder. This disorder can also be discovered in people with different backgrounds. Genetic research continues to be a part of research for this disorder. Causes for Unipolar Disorder varies and is not completely or fully implicit but may vary, as stated by bipolar central, ???can include disruption in neural circuits and neurochemicals in the brain, genetic predisposition, secondary disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder.??? Drug and alcohol abuse is also included in the cause.
People that may have a disorder or depression from Unipolar have indifferent feelings and are psychologically unfeeling. This disorder can also be classified as major depression, or clinical depression. When a person is diagnosed with this disorder they are suffering. They are not enjoying life as they once may have experienced and do not find joy in the hobbies or adventures they once found amusing, Often times, they have feelings of misery and despair and feel they do not want to become inundated with the joys of family life, social life or no longer have the ability to keep a job.
Illnesses for Bipolar Disorder sometimes occur from dealing with the stresses of life. The symptoms of this illness may appear gradual, or out of the blue. As stated in http://www.myallergies.org/ms/ency/51/main.html , ???the episodes of this mania can last from days to weeks or months, are generally briefer than episodes of depression. It typically emerges in adolescence or early adulthood, but may begin in childhood. Bipolar disorder most often manifests itself between the ages of 15 ??“ 24, with 90% of cases diagnosed by the age of 30.???
Without treatment, both disorders of bipolar and unipolar can make ones life troublesome, and can lead to suicide in some victims. Lithium is a medication that is used in some cases and may reduce the risk of suicide. Some people with these disorders have various mood swings that can rotate slow or fast from one another, and others may experience normal behaviors between episodes, and can experience a normal life during this time without reappearance of the behavior, while some suffer with continuous episodes. As in depression, a tiny proportion of people endure impaired dispositions. Some individuals may only experience depression once in their lifetime, while others experience it as a severe problem, and may have odd behaviors that include hallucinations, and experience limits in moods that move back and forward from mania to depression, and may be due to chemical imbalance of the brain.
Doctors look at all symptoms that are referenced above, to diagnose depression in addition to others, however if the symptoms occur often meaning on a daily basis, the risk of recurrence after treatment can be as high as 50%. Treatment can include: Psychotherapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in severe cases Medication as appropriate: Antidepressants (SSRIs, tricclics, MAOIs), and hospitalization in severe cases.
To put it briefly, when you are depressed, and having feelings of inadequateness, becoming a loner, no longer want a social life, and often feeling awful, for an amount of time longer than a week, professional help should be sought. On the other hand, if you are manic, you are just the opposite from not wanting a social life, to being very social, and have poor judgment due to lake of impulse control, and not even know you have a problem, a health professional should also be sought. Both of these conditions can be detrimental and are dangerous and this individual should be diagnosed by a mental health professional.
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Retrieved June 19, 2010 from My allergies: from: http://www.myallergies.org/ms/ency/51/main.html