A Soul Scared to Change- a Take on A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

A Soul Scared to Change
Upon hearing the word ???Christmas???, what comes to mind Is it the chilling winds, cheerful carolers, or the adrenaline that pumps through ones veins as the vibrant paper is stripped off a mysterious box In A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, Ebenezer Scrooge, a gloomy hateful man, thinks of Christmas in only one way; that wretched time of year when false merriment is proclaimed to make one feel better about them. The story takes place in the late 19th century in London, England where a bitter, cold-hearted man, Scrooge, denies all of the joy from the ???giving time of year???. It is not until he is visited by three ghosts that his facade begins to fade, and he begins to feel true happiness. Dickens shows that with enough faith, any man can change from a misanthrope into a kind, peace-making man, being only a positive influence.
Scrooge??™s heart was as cold as the winter snow. He didn??™t care about helping others or making Christmas a joy for them. Therefore, when charity men came to ask for a small shilling of a donation for the poor, Scrooge whisked them away, not wanting to contribute anything for the unfortunate. Any man who??™s heart is content with knowing that there are people out there with nothing on their backs or in their stomachs is a sad excuse for a human being. Then, as cheerful carolers came to spread Christmas cheer, Scrooge threatened them violently with a ruler, and watched them scurry off. No singing could melt his frozen heart. Even the narrator calls Scrooge a ?????¦tightfisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!??? (Dickens 2) To illustrate this, his nephew, Fred, begged his uncle to come have dinner with his struggling family, but in reply, Scrooge said, ???Merry Christmas! What right have you to be merry What reason have you to be merry You??™re poor enough??? (5). In the beginning, the old, bitter man with a chip on his shoulder had no remorse or love for anyone, he only wanted money. Being so selfish and melancholy, it was believed that Scrooge could never change. Yet, when three ghosts came to visit, it was shown that anyone??™s heart could change.
After Scrooge??™s frightening and eye-opening experiences with the ghosts, there was a change in him even visible to the blind. He became a more generous and caring man for all to see. He laughed for once in his life, and his cold weary heart strengthened and thawed out because of the joy he felt. ???I am as light as a feather, as happy as an angel, as merry as a schoolboy,??? Scrooge says, ???I am as giddy as a drunken man. A merry Christmas to everybody! A happy New Year to all the world!??? (114). As the world turned, he finally realized that life is a gift and he wanted to spread it. First, he decided to share it with his clerk, Bob Cratchit. Before, Scrooge barely paid the loyal worker, and wouldn??™t give him coal to support his fire. But after the spirits??™ visits, he raised Bob??™s salary and solemnly swore to rescue his family in need. The ghosts taught him to open up his wallet and share how fortunate he was with the world. So, along with Bob Cratchit, Scrooge also made a heaping donation to the poor. The man whom he once ignored and rudely pushed away was astounded with happiness and shock when Scrooge proposed a colossal amount of money to give back to the less fortunate. Clearly, he has changed from a sad misanthrope into an abundance of life and cheerfulness.
Change is possible. Though some may disagree, the change has to illuminate from the heart out. When one??™s heart??™s feelings differ, their attitude and outlook on the subject do too. Many times throughout life, the world will be faced with harsh reality and forced to adapt. Whether it finally be exposed to the true Ignorance and Want of society, or still try to sweep it under the rug and pretend everything is okay, change is inevitable. In A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, a cold, hateful man named Scrooge undergoes a complete transformation from a depressing pessimist into a cheerful, caring human being. As time slowly progresses and Scrooge is visited by three haunted ghosts, his viewpoint on life completely changes. The deal was sealed when the last spirit showed him how a miserable life would lead to a devastating death, which made Scrooge quiver. He thanked the heavens for how fortunate he was to be living; something one usually takes for granted. Therefore, in order to live a full, happy life, a realization is required: one must be optimistic, because no matter what, there will always be hope.



Currently, drugs remain high on the lists of concerns of Americans and are considered one of the major problems facing our country today. We see stories on the news about people being killed on the street every day over drugs. To many people drugs are only an inner-city problem, but in reality they affect all of us – users and non-users. I believe that the negative affects we associate with drugs would be greatly reduced if the United States adopted a policy towards the total decriminalization of marijuana. The current drug policy of our government is obviously failing. Drug laws have created corruption, violence, increased street crime, and disrespect for the criminal justice system. Current drug legislation has failed to reduce demand. Its just too hard to monitor illegal substances when a significant portion of the population is committed to using drugs. (Inciardi and McBride 260)
Marijuana comes from the hemp plant, which can readily be grown on fields across the nation and was cultivated heavily in colonial period. After 130 years of being legal, the potential problems of marijuana were brought into the public eye by Harry J. Anslingler, the commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and author

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1st Impressions

1st Impressions

In or first class, we conducted an activity on 1st Impressions of each of each other and the feelings associated with doing such an activity. Most of us took turns in reciting what we had to say and some of us didn?t elaborate on our first impressions of the other class members, which I thought was the objective of the activity. I went ahead and gave my first impression of the other students and felt ok, yet unsure of the effect my words would have, especially the thoughts which were not 100% positive. I felt this way because I am well aware of how interaction between people can be facilitated by using positive regard. In my experience, people don?t take too well to criticism. In the context of the activity though I felt it was ok so, I commented on how I felt some people were not as confident in their disclosure of poor travel experience or significant reading; something I felt a little dissonance over because I had recently finished reading ?political? books by Tom Brokaw and Jesse Ventura which didn?t seem to fit what I sensed to be the prevalent mindset of the class, so I

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A Son and Daughter??™S Take on Marriage

A Son and Daughter??™s Take On Marriage
In ???Marriage Is a Private Affair??? and ???Love Must Not Be Forgotten??? a son and a
daughter are being pressured into getting married. The son in the story, ???Marriage Is a
Private Affair??? is being pressured into marrying someone that his father picked out for
him to marry. The daughter in the story, ???Love Must Not Be Forgotten??? is being pushed
to get married, but is afraid that her heart will be broken. The son and daughter have
similar problems but also have different issues with their culture.
In the stories you can compare the situation of their parents both choosing who
they wanted their kids to marry. Both children have issues and felt pressured by their
parents about the choosing of who they were going to marry. Another thing you can
compare in this story is the relationships with their parents. The son and daughter tried
and wanted to be close to their parents but were not able to have that good of a
connection with them because their parents were not willing to cooperate. I felt like in
these stories that the parents were hardheaded when the topic of their kids marriage
was brought up. They should have listened to what the kids wanted and tried to make it
work. Also you can compare that the two kids have the same point of view on the ideas
of love. Both wanted to fall in love with someone that they met, not who their parents
picked out for them. They wanted to really have a good understanding what love was.
You can contrast in these stories on the outcomes of what the two decided to do.
The son in the story, ???Marriage is a Private Affair??? ended up marrying the woman he fell
in love with and not the woman his parents arranged for him to marry. And the
daughter in ???Love Must Not Be Forgotten??? ended up not getting married at all. Also you
could contrast their ideas on marriage. The daughter was very nervous about the idea
of marriage and the son was determined to marry the woman he would actually fall in
love with, not someone his parents arranged for him to marry. The people they were
suppose to marry is another thing you could contrast. The kids in the stories were both
set up with an arrange marriage and both walked away from their arranged marriages.
In the end, Nnaemeka, the son in the story ???Marriage Is a Private Affair??? marries the
woman he really loves and the daughter in the story ???Love Must Not Be Forgotten???
decides to not get married.
You can conclude from the stories, ???Marriage Is a Private Affair??? and ???Love Must
Not Be Forgotten??? that the two kids were both unhappy and felt pressure about their
arranged marriage. In the end the son married another woman and the daughter ended
up marrying no one. The parents put extra pressure on their kids when they should
have helped them with their decisions.

Malcom X

Malcom X

Comparison and Contrast

Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. were both activists during the time
of racial segregation. Malcolm X was mainly an orator of a religious sect, while
Doctor King was a pastor at his local Baptist Church. They both had similar
beliefs, but had different views on how to achieve their point. Still both thought
about how to earn their freedom to be equal with the white man.

Malcolm X thought that this problem should be solved immediately, yet Dr.
King thought he it was going to take time. Malcolm X felt strongly about results
happening now. Doctor King said it would be a long time and did not lie about it,
unlike Malcolm X. In contrast to other black religious leaders of that time who
espoused pacifism, which meant he supported peace. Malcolm X called for
achieving equality “by any means necessary.”

The main opponent of Kings moderate policies was SNCC. SNCC stood
for Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. Black Power advocates
were influenced by Malcolm X. They viewed Malcolms black nationalist
philosophy, which emphasized black separatism and self-sufficiency, as more
realistic for dealing with racism in the United States. They also appreciated
Malcolms emphasis on black pride and self-assertion which

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It seems today that eating disorders are on the rise. While
this may be true, the numbers may appear to grow only because more cases
are being brought out into the open. The purpose of this paper is to discuss
eating disorders and prove the these disease, specifically Anorexia Nervosa,
continue to plague of women due to psychological and environmental factors
along with pressure from the media. The term ?Anorexia Nervosa? is
misleading. It means ?loss of appetite due to nerves.? But people with
anorexia don?t actually lose their appetite until the late stages of their
starvation. Until, they do feel hungry, but they just won?t eat. People affected
by anorexia have an extreme fear of gaining weight. In addition to drastic
dieting, they may resort to vomiting and the use of laxatives and diuretics to
lose weight. Statistics show that many teens and young adults suffer from
anorexia nervosa. Without treatment, anorexia nervosa can cause serious
health problems–even death! The sooner treatment begins the better the
chances for a full recovery. The person with another anorexia is a model
child. He/She is well behaved, eager to please, and a good student who gets
along well with her peers. She

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A Small Place

A Small Place
Jamaica Kincaid??™s novel A Small Place was a very fascinating read on the author??™s journey through the post-colonial Antiguan society. Although I personally found that the book was quite a dry-read and not entirely appealing to me, the story that Kincaid tells has a true message that talks a lot about the role of tourism on her country, and on the corruption of big business that prevents “culture” from flourishing on its own. From my standpoint, I feel as if this book mostly discusses the awareness of the situation on Antigua rather then finding an actually solution to the problems. The island of Antigua may still seem trapped in a place of slavery for those who inhabit there but even though it may seem rough they still fight to maintain all they can and keep the island a place of beauty and enjoyment.
Jamaica Kincaid takes two views on one subject and transforms them into one big perspective on problems occurring in this exquisite place. The way this book was written was pretty neat in the sense that it went from introducing this one big problem and finishing off with a happy sense of tranquility even though there were so many quandaries along the way. The book starts of with Kincaid going to the island and seeing all the beauties that every tourist just about sees. She says things how tourists only see the beauties of the island and the ugliness is sheltered off into other parts of it. Only someone who actually lived there would know what its like to live n a place that can have so much integrity yet is still very poorly run. The island is run down and slowly deteriorating due to not keeping up with the ways the island used to be run and now is just focused on making money keeping the tourists happy. She finishes the first part by describing why the tourists are considered to be ???ugly??? when she says, ???A tourist is an ugly human being??? (Kincaid 14). Morally, their just people who come to nice places to use the commodities that those places offer and once they feel that they no longer find interest in staying their, they leave.
A Small Place is a very controversial book talking about the Antiguans hardships and memories of past times in history. The island is dying and many things that need to be amended are not being done. Kincaid notes that the island was better in the old-days. The history of the island too is entirely different then it was back when it was run by the English. Possessed by Great Britain, the once very racist island has transformed into something new yet still contains some of the old ways. Many of the industries on the island were once run by all-white owners that did things their own ways and only served those who they wished should be allowed. It??™s a shame when a place can become so discriminatory that certain people are not even allowed to go somewhere just because one person in charge says otherwise. Compared to how the island used to be run as it is now, it is no longer racist and discriminatory yet it is deteriorating in quality and how everything looks. Yes, the island will always look beautiful but sometimes the questions comes up as to when was the island in better condition, in the old-days or in present day
The thing I do not understand is, if a place such as Antigua or any other island-type location where people go for vacations has so many problems, then why would they still allow tourists to go there Wouldn??™t it make more sense to work on getting the entire island back to order rather then have one good aspect of the island and have the rest of it be in bad shape Especially for the people who live there even, if they focused more on making themselves happy rather then the tourists that came there, they could work to build the islands potential as a whole rather then just the spots where tourists come in. Kincaid talks down so many things about the island where she originated from but yet it is still considered a beautiful place to go on vacation. The natives of the islands are slaves to their own homeland and have to suffer a lifestyle that they probably do not want to live. As these natives are trapped on this tiny island, they provide the sources to make the tourists happy and they probably all wish they could live like we do. Unfortunately, they cannot flee from the reality that they live in now because they are too poor to as well as they are too poor to maintain the very place that they live in. People on this island envy tourist for one big reason. They envy those who have the ability to leave their own places of boredom and triviality and come to a place to make their times pleasurable for themselves. Kincaid puts the reader into the shoes of an Antiguan tourist in order to get out how she feels about the island.
Through Jamaica Kincaid??™s book, you can find a sense from her tone that she??™s disappointed with the new Antigua because political corruption and tourism has destroyed it. I just find it funny how Kincaid talks so negatively about her once-lived homeland. She bashes at many of the aspects of the island that have deteriorated and doesn??™t really add much insight as to how the island could be or should be a place of beauty to live in. From all the negativity she puts out on the island, deep inside she still knows that no matter what, Antigua will always be a place of beauty and serenity. Minus all the imperfections that the island has today, it still has potential in terms of what the island could be one day. Because of how people are so greedy and all they really care about is money; the things that need be fixed on the island are not being fixed until its probably too late. Sure the island has an interesting history of racism and Britain-ruled lifestyles, but the past history shouldn??™t even be looked upon. If times were harsh back then, then why would they be brought up today Through Kincaid??™s discussion about how sad the island is as a whole and how its just going downhill, she should be talking mostly of the better qualities of it rather than shutting it down to make it look so sorrowful. If the island is fixed up and brought back to a tolerable way of life, prosperity can lift it back to where it should be. The parts of Antiguan life that the tourists do not see can be finally shown and people can be happy once again rather then depressed of the lives they are forced to live.



Verbal Aggression
Verbal aggression is message behavior which attacks a persons self-concept in order to deliver psychological pain.(Infante, 1995) Studies of verbal aggression have focused primarily on children and adolescents in educational and social settings. Very few studies were found to examine verbal aggression in adults in the workplace.(Ebbesen, Duncan, Konecni, 1974) The consequences of verbal aggression in the workplace can lead to social isolation, job related stress, health related problems, as well as problems in career advancement. It therefore should be considered important, for the individual and management, to identify and address the causes of verbal aggression. This program attempts to understand verbal aggression by 1) identifying the various functions of verbal aggression. 2) identifying the antecedent conditions of verbal aggression. 3) Avoiding the antecedent conditions of verbal aggression. Method Subject The subject, Shirley J., is a 49 year old African American female. Shirley J. has several advanced degrees and is employed as a school psychologist in a metropolitan school district. She is married with two adult children. The subject readily agreed that the target behavior, verbal aggression, is a problem as it interferes with her relationships with others. She was enthusiastic in her desire to reduce, if not eliminate,

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Majority And Minority Article 5

Majority And Minority: Article 5

Article 5
The First Americans: American Indians

In Article 5, The First Americans: American Indians, C. Matthew Snipp discusses the fact that the American Indians were once a self-governing, self-sufficient group until they were forced to give up their homes and their land. They were forced to try to conform to a strange culture and into a life dependent on the government. Today, the American Indians have established themselves as a self-reliant group, which has visible economic and political power in communities.
The relations with the Indians went through five major historical periods: removal, assimilation, the Indian New Deal, termination/relocation, and self-determination. Throughout this time period, the Indians struggled as they were taken out of their element and were subjected to an unknown way of life. The United States government finally recognized the fact that the Indian people needed to be free of control. They were able to function on their own, on reservations. The tribes received help from the government to get back on their feet after their economic hardships. Now, they have learned to adapt agriculture as a way of helping the American economy. Most Indians tribes take advantage of the natural resources and for the most part, use their land

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A Simple Idea

A Simple Idea

One should be lugubrious when made aware of the toils and hardships of the world in which we all live. Financial crisis to follow poverty, war to follow instability, profit to follow death; all such worriment things seeming to end in a teetering peace, only to be tipped into unrest once again. Alas, the one commonality in each and every one of these problems is the people, politics and religion of the mid-eastern culture. When a perceived insignificant nation such as Kuwait falls under duress, the ???life-blood of modern civilization??? is suddenly at stake, and prices all over the world rocket to unbelievable and ridiculous heights! The ramification of such rocketing causes all other prices to begin resembling mountainous cliffs and infinitesimal vertical lines on a graphical model. Do the leaders of the world intend to continue presenting failed and historically ineffective treaties, injunctions and sanctions
I think that it is agreed by all the citizens of the world that past solutions to the ???Mideast problem??? are ineffective, and we need a revitalized policy that won??™t produce minute and temporary changes, but an all-encompassing final solution that the results thereof are impervious to reversal and are beneficial to all. No more UN injunctions on certain economic and military assets, which seem to only strengthen their resolve and further enrage them; no more ???peace talks??? where one of us mediates between Israel and Palestine or Iraq and Iran, which only ends and begins and ends again; and especially no more sending our loved ones into their land to help them out from oppression, only for them to blow themselves up while killing as many of us as they can in the process. Enough is enough!
There is a simple solution to this entire debacle. Remove them from the daily dealings of the rest of the world. Silence their cries of hatred and declarations of holy war. Take direct control of the reserves of ???life-blood??? so essential to their power and our prosperity. The western powers are more than capable of carrying out this decency. The United States, for instance, invaded Iraq and sacked its capital in less than three weeks, having crossed more than 300 miles, making that operation one of the fastest in history. How much faster and less costly could an air attack meant to expunge the whole countryside be Once this has been done, we would have direct control over the reserves, therefore direct control of the prosperity of our way of life. The same solution could be used with the United States??™ neighbor to the south, which would save potentially billions of dollars in border security. With the increased world security, defense could be cut without a grave risk to the innocent people, saving potentially trillions, thus eliminating the vast majority of problems for the world.
Alas, there is only this one solution, and it cannot be protracted, for the longer the world percolates in disaster, the harder it will be to arrive at that peace that so many throughout history have endeavored, but failed to realize. Will this be the time Will we be the ones My only caution is that my trusting of language to petition this thoroughgoing idea to the people will be construed and misinterpreted for their own advancement.

Works cited

www.defencejournal.com/2003/apr/?2nd-gulf-war.htm. 7 June 2006. Web source.
26 September 2011.

Swift, Jonathan. A Modest Proposal. Dublin, Ireland: 1729.